What is the surgery of the arm?
Arm surgery is involved in the treatment of degenerative diseases, injuries and their consequences, as well as congenital defects of the arm (the hand and the elbow). It is considered to be one of the most complicated fields of medicine, requiring a specific kind of virtuosity.
Due to the extremely complex anatomy of the upper extremity (limb), the treatment of its diseases and abnormalities requires interdisciplinary knowledge from various specialisations, such as orthopaedics and traumatology, plastic surgery, general surgery, microsurgery, vascular surgery, rheumatology, and neurology.
When should specialist help be sought?
Arm injuries, even the minor ones, may start to produce unpleasant symptoms over time. At the same time, as a result of an unnatural position and tension of arm muscles caused, for instance, by long computer work, increasingly younger individuals experience hand-related problems. Numbness of the fingers, problems with bending and straightening the fingers, pain and the feeling of “electricity-like tingling” in the elbow are the typical symptoms which should make the patient visit a specialist in arm surgery.
The scope of surgeries:
- Carpal tunnel syndrome surgery, flexor retinaculum incision
- Nerve entrapment syndrome – surgical decompression
- Hand ganglion surgery
- Sewing together of single extensor tendons and other tendons
- Sewing together of flexor tendons of the hand
- Excision of olecranon bursa
- Surgical treatment of epicondylitis - “tennis elbow”